St Anne & St Agnes

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• St Anne and St Agnes is a church located at Gresham Street. While St Anne's is an Anglican foundation, since 1966 it has been let to a congregation of the Lutheran Church of Great Britain.

• The first mention of a church on the present site is in documents of 1137 which refer to 'St Agnes near Alderychgate' and the 'priest of St Anne's' which was situated near ‘Aldredesgate'. There was confusion over the name since the church was described variously in Norman records as St Anne-in-the-Willows and as St Agnes. Its unusual double dedication, unique in the City, seems to have been acquired sometime in the 15th century.

• The church was gutted by a fire in 1548 but was rebuilt soon after. Further work was done in 1624. However, the building's 14th century tower was its only section to survive the Great Fire in 1666 (and then only partially).

• St Anne and St Agnes was rebuilt by Sir Christopher Wren in 1680, with possible contributions from Robert Hooke. The small brick church is of an unusual design in London, being based on that of a Greek Cross; it utilises a vaulted square within a square, a formula based on the Nieuwe Kirk in Haarlem, the Netherlands. Wren also used a similar design at St Martin Ludgate and St Mary at Hill.

• The parish was united with the parish of St John Zachary by Act of Parliament in 1670 as St John's was not rebuilt after the Great Fire.

• The church was extensively restored in the 18th and 19th centuries, but was largely destroyed in the Blitz during the night of 29–30 December 1940. It was rededicated in 1966, largely through donations by the worldwide Lutheran church, for use by the exile Estonian and Latvian communities in London. The reconstructed interior is a mixture of replicas of the pre-war fittings and original or copied fittings from other London churches, some of which had also been destroyed in the war but were not reconstructed.

• Famous past parishioners have included the poet John Milton, John Bunyan and John Wesley, who preached twice at the church in 1738. The church was designated a Grade I listed building on 4 January 1950.

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